Blockchain-based Accountable Auditing with Multi-Ownership Transfer

Publication Name

IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing


Cloud auditing enables the integrity verification of cloud data without the necessity of data retrieval, which significantly promotes the storage service of cloud computing. Auditing with ownership transfer is a variation where both cloud data and the tags for integrity verification can be transferred. In some scenarios, like joint-stock enterprise acquisition and electronic medical records migration, we argue that auditing and transferring data belonging to multiple owners are significantly important. However, to the best of our knowledge, there exists no such protocol in multi-ownership scenarios in the literature. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based accountable auditing protocol with multi-ownership transfer for the first time. One distinguishable property is the simultaneous achievement of verifiability, accountability and multi-ownership transferability, merely with very little extra cost. Specifically, we construct a novel tag structure based on homomorphic authenticators and compact multi-signatures, enabling integrity verification and multi-ownership transfer. Subsequently, we record the information concerning data generation and ownership transfer on immutable blockchains to make these procedures accountable. Furthermore, we present a comprehensive analysis and extensive experiments to demonstrate the security and efficiency of the proposed protocol.

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