Flexural performance of circular concrete-filled double steel tubular members: Testing, modeling, and strength predictions

Publication Name

Structural Concrete


This paper presents experimental and numerical investigations on circular concrete-filled double steel tubular (CFDST) members under flexural load. Seven specimens including five CFDST specimens were tested and the test parameters included the effects of concrete compressive strength, the thickness of the steel tubes, and the diameter ratio on their flexural performance. The final failure modes, moment (M)-curvature (ϕ) curves, deflection curves of specimens, and distributions of section longitudinal strains were analyzed and reported in this study. A nonlinear finite element model (FEM) was then developed for the CFDST members. After successful validation in ultimate strengths and failure modes, parametric studies were performed by using the verified FEM. A simple formula for calculating the flexural capacity of CFDST members was proposed and compared against several design codes to investigate the design accuracy. Based on this study, it was found that the CFDST members exhibit ductile behavior under flexural load. Increasing the steel area, particularly for the outer tube improved the flexural capacities of the members. Furthermore, the existing design codes were found to be remarkably underestimating the moment capacities of CFDST members whereas the design formula proposed can predict the ultimate flexural capacity with reasonable accuracy.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Funding Number


Funding Sponsor

National Natural Science Foundation of China



Link to publisher version (DOI)