Transport infrastructure, CO2 emissions, mortality, and life expectancy in the Global South

Publication Name

Transport Policy


This study examines the interplay between transport infrastructure, CO2 emissions, and health outcomes. The study focuses on economies in the Global South from 2006 to 2016 periods. To achieve the study's aims, CO2-induced health outcomes are generated, and the effects of transport infrastructure on CO2-induced life expectancy and mortality are assessed. The instrumental variable and system GMM estimates suggest that the quality of transport infrastructure in these economies has not improved the reduced life expectancy induced by CO2 emissions. A similar conclusion follows when mortality is analysed, such that transport infrastructural quality in these economies worsens the death rate caused by CO2 emissions. Further improvement in infrastructural facilities and a reduction in CO2 emissions will be necessary for achieving a good health outcome.

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