Silicon-photonics-based waveguide Bragg grating sensor for blood glucose monitoring
We demonstrated the design of two different structures, a two-sided structure and a top-surface structure, of glucose waveguide Bragg grating (WBG) sensors in a single-mode silicon-on-insulator (SOI) chip. A two-sided WBG structure was fabricated, and chip preparation was realized by lithography and other processes. A photonic platform for testing the two-sided WBG using glucose was built and completed. When the blood glucose concentration changed by 1 mg/mL, the two-sided WBG had a wavelength offset of 78 pm. The experimental results show that the two structures can achieve the sensing of different blood glucose concentrations. The two-sided WBG had better sensing performance and thus has a wide range of application prospects.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China