Enhanced framework for COVID-19 prediction with computed tomography scan images using dense convolutional neural network and novel loss function

Publication Name

Computers and Electrical Engineering


Recent studies have shown that computed tomography (CT) scan images can characterize COVID-19 disease in patients. Several deep learning (DL) methods have been proposed for diagnosis in the literature, including convolutional neural networks (CNN). But, with inefficient patient classification models, the number of ‘False Negatives’ can put lives at risk. The primary objective is to improve the model so that it does not reveal ‘Covid’ as ‘Non-Covid’. This study uses Dense-CNN to categorize patients efficiently. A novel loss function based on cross-entropy has also been used to improve the CNN algorithm's convergence. The proposed model is built and tested on a recently published large dataset. Extensive study and comparison with well-known models reveal the effectiveness of the proposed method over known methods. The proposed model achieved a prediction accuracy of 93.78%, while false-negative is only 6.5%. This approach's significant advantage is accelerating the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19.

Open Access Status

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Funding Sponsor

King Saud University



Link to publisher version (DOI)