Selection of motion management in liver stereotactic body radiotherapy and its impact on treatment time
Physics and Imaging in Radiation Oncology
Background and purpose: Reduction of respiratory tumour motion is important in liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to reduce side effects and improve tumour control probability. We have assessed the distribution of use of voluntary exhale breath hold (EBH), abdominal compression (AC), free breathing gating (gating) and free breathing (FB), and the impact of these on treatment time. Materials and Methods: We assessed all patients treated in a single institution with liver SBRT between September 2017 and September 2021. Data from pre-simulation motion management assessment using fluoroscopic assessment of liver dome position in repeat breath holds, and motion with and without AC, was reviewed to determine liver dome position consistency in EBH and the impact of AC on motion. Treatment time was assessed for all fractions as time from first image acquisition to last treatment beam off. Results: Of 136 patients treated with 145 courses of liver SBRT, 68 % were treated in EBH, 20 % with AC, 7 % in gating and 5 % in FB. AC resulted in motion reduction < 1 mm in 9/26 patients assessed. Median treatment time was higher using EBH (39 min) or gating (42 min) compared with AC (30 min) or FB (24 min) treatments. Conclusions: Motion management in liver SBRT needs to be assessed per-patient to ensure appropriate techniques are applied. Motion management significantly impacts treatment time therefore patient comfort must also be taken into account when selecting the technique for each patient.
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