Low-Cost Zinc Substitution of Iron-Based Prussian Blue Analogs as Long Lifespan Cathode Materials for Fast Charging Sodium-Ion Batteries
Advanced Functional Materials
Iron-based Prussian blue analogs (Fe-PBAs) are extensively studied as promising cathode materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries owing to their high theoretical capacity, low-cost and facile synthesis method. However, Fe-PBAs suffer poor cycle stability and low specific capacity due to the low crystallinity and irreversible phase transition during excess sodium-ion storage. Herein, a modified co-precipitation method to prepare highly crystallized PBAs is reported. By introducing an electrochemical inert element (Zn) to substitute the high-spin Fe in the Fe-PBAs (ZnFeHCF-2), the depth of charge/discharge is rationally controlled to form a highly reversible phase transition process for sustainable sodium-ion storage. Minor lattice distortion and highly reversible phase transition process of ZnFeHCF-2 during the sodium-ions insertion and extraction are proved by in-situ tests, which have significantly impacted the cycling stability. The ZnFeHCF-2 shows a remarkably enhanced cycling performance with capacity retention of 58.5% over 2000 cycles at 150 mA g−1 as well as superior rate performance up to 6000 mA g−1 (fast kinetics). Furthermore, the successful fabrication of the full cell on the as-prepared cathode and commercial hard carbon anode demonstrates their potential as high-performance electrode materials for large-scale energy storage systems.
Open Access Status
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Australian Research Council