Pentavalent Manganese Luminescence: Designing Narrow-Band Near-Infrared Light-Emitting Diodes as Next-Generation Compact Light Sources

Publication Name

ACS Energy Letters


Manganese in the pentavalent state (Mn5+) is both rare and central in materials exhibiting narrow-band near-infrared (NIR) emission and is highly sought after for phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes as promising candidates for future miniature solid-state NIR light source. We develop the Ca14Zn6Ga10-xMnxO35 (x = 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 1.25, 1.5, and 3.0) series that exhibit simultaneous Mn4+ (650-750 nm) and Mn5+ (1100-1250 nm) luminescence. We reveal a preferential occupancy of Mn in regular octahedral and tetrahedral environments, with the short bond length between these responsible for luminescence. We present a theoretical spin-orbital interaction model in which breaking the spin selection rule permits the luminescence of Mn4+ and Mn5+. A total photon flux of 87.5 mW under a 7 mA driving current demonstrates its potential for real-time application. This work pushes our understanding of achieving Mn5+ luminescence and opens the way for the design of Mn5+-based narrow-band NIR phosphors.

Open Access Status

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Funding Number

NSTC 109-2113-M-002-020-MY3

Funding Sponsor

Narodowym Centrum Nauki



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