Strong terahertz absorption of monolayer graphene embedded into a microcavity
Terahertz reflection behaviors of metallic-grating-dielectric-metal (MGDM) microcavity with a monolayer graphene embedded into the dielectric layer are theoretically investigated. A tunable wideband reflection dip at about the Fabry–Pérot resonant frequency of the structure is found. The reflectance at the dip frequency can be electrically tuned in the range of 96.5% and 8.8%. Because of the subwavelength distance between the metallic grating and the monolayer graphene, both of the evanescent grating slit waveguide modes and the evanescent Rayleigh modes play key roles in the strong absorption by the graphene layer. The dependence of reflection behaviors on the carrier scattering rate of graphene is analyzed. A prototype MGDM-graphene structure is fabricated to verify the theoretical analysis. Our investigations are helpful for the developments of electrically controlled terahertz modulators, switches, and reconfigurable antennas based on the MGDM-graphene structures.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China