Type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes mellitus
Exercise to Prevent and Manage Chronic Disease Across the Lifespan
Globally, diabetes of all types has reached epidemic levels, and the number of cases is expected to continue to rise as a result of unhealthful lifestyles, environmental factors, and genetics. The treatment of type 2 diabetes (the majority of cases) encompasses an individualized treatment plan that includes education, blood glucose management, cardiovascular disease risk reduction, and continued screening for microvascular complications to prevent or delay chronic complications of diabetes. Exercise and physical activity are essential to longevity and health in individuals with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes (a state of glucose intolerance) and critical in the prevention and management of diabetes that develops during pregnancy (gestational). All individuals can benefit from meeting the recommended guidelines for weekly amounts and modes of physical activity for their age groups, regardless of the type of diabetes. Special considerations may be necessary when an individual has any diabetes-related health issues, such as nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy, cardiovascular disease, or pregnancy complications, but in most cases, physical activity can be safely undertaken with appropriate precautions.
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