A unified way to solve IVPs and IBVPs for the time-fractional diffusion-wave equation
Fractional Calculus and Applied Analysis
The time-fractional diffusion-wave equation is revisited, where the time derivative is of order 2 ν and 0 < ν≤ 1. The behaviour of the equation is ‘diffusion-like’ (respectively, ‘wave-like’) when 0<ν≤12 (respectively, 12<ν≤1). Two types of time-fractional derivatives are considered, namely the Caputo and Riemann-Liouville derivatives. Initial value problems and initial-boundary value problems are studied and handled in a unified way using an embedding method. A two-parameter auxiliary function is introduced and its properties are investigated. The time-fractional diffusion equation is used to generate a new family of probability distributions, and that includes the normal distribution as a particular case.
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