Treatment Time Optimization in Single Fraction Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy: A 10-Year Institutional Experience
Advances in Radiation Oncology
Purpose: Stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) delivered in a single fraction (SF) can be considered to have higher uncertainty given that the error probability is concentrated in a single session. This study aims to report the variation in technology and technique used and its effect on intrafraction motion based on a 10 years of experience in SF SABR. Methods and Materials: Records of patients receiving SF SABR delivered at our instruction between 2010 and 2019 were included. Treatment parameters were extracted from the patient management database by using an in-house script. Treatment time was defined as the time difference between the first image acquisition to the last beam off of a single session. The intrafraction variation was measured from the 3-dimensional couch displacement measured after the first cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) acquired during a treatment. Results: The number of SF SABR increased continuously from 2010 to 2019 and were mainly lung treatments. Treatment time was minimized by using volumetric modulated arc therapy, flattening filter-free dose rate, and coplanar field (24 ± 9 min). Treatment time increased as the number of CBCTs per session increased. The most common scenario involved both 2 and 3 CBCTs per session. On the average, a CBCT acquisition added 6 minutes to the treatment time. All treatments considered, the average intrafraction variation was 1.7 ± 1.6 mm. Conclusions: SF SABR usage increased with time in our institution. The intrafraction motion was acceptable and therefore a single fraction is an efficacious treatment option when considering SABR.
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