Cloud failure prediction based on traditional machine learning and deep learning

Publication Name

Journal of Cloud Computing


Cloud failure is one of the critical issues since it can cost millions of dollars to cloud service providers, in addition to the loss of productivity suffered by industrial users. Fault tolerance management is the key approach to address this issue, and failure prediction is one of the techniques to prevent the occurrence of a failure. One of the main challenges in performing failure prediction is to produce a highly accurate predictive model. Although some work on failure prediction models has been proposed, there is still a lack of a comprehensive evaluation of models based on different types of machine learning algorithms. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a comprehensive comparison and model evaluation for predictive models for job and task failure. These models are built and trained using five traditional machine learning algorithms and three variants of deep learning algorithms. We use a benchmark dataset, called Google Cloud Traces, for training and testing the models. We evaluated the performance of models using multiple metrics and determined their important features, as well as measured their scalability. Our analysis resulted in the following findings. Firstly, in the case of job failure prediction, we found that Extreme Gradient Boosting produces the best model where the disk space request and CPU request are the most important features that influence the prediction. Second, for task failure prediction, we found that Decision Tree and Random Forest produce the best models where the priority of the task is the most important feature for both models. Our scalability analysis has determined that the Logistic Regression model is the most scalable as compared to others.

Open Access Status

This publication may be available as open access





Article Number


Funding Sponsor

Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia



Link to publisher version (DOI)