Excellent Energy Storage Properties Achieved in Sodium Niobate-Based Relaxor Ceramics through Doping Tantalum
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Lead-free relaxor ferroelectric ceramics are potential for energy storage applications due to their comprehensive energy storage properties. However, the energy efficiency of many relaxor ceramics is not high enough, leading to high Joule heat during the charge-discharge cycles, thus lowering their energy storage performance. In this work, tantalum (Ta) dopants were introduced into sodium niobate-based relaxor ceramics to improve the resistivity and energy efficiency. The leakage current was reduced by Ta doping, especially at the high electric field. The enhanced resistivity is attributed to the increased bandgap induced by Ta doping. The impedance spectroscopy shows that both the grain and grain boundary resistivities are improved in the high temperature region. As a result, the optimal recoverable energy density and energy efficiency are 6.5 J/cm3 and 94% at 450 kV/cm, respectively. In addition, the energy storage properties exhibit satisfactory temperature stability and cycling reliability. All these merits demonstrate that the Ta modified sodium niobate-based relaxor ceramic a potential candidate for high-power energy storage applications.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China