Diagnostic Evaluation of Depression Screening Tools in Asian New Zealanders

Publication Name

Clinical Nursing Research


This study aimed to compare the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and Short-Form 12-Item Health Survey Mental Component Score (SF-12 MCS) for the effectiveness as screening tools for depression in Asian New Zealanders. A national, representative New Zealand Health Survey (NZHS) data set was used. In total, 1,277 participants were included in the analyses. The sensitivity and specificity values, as well as the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUROC), for the K10 and the SF-12 MCS scores were examined. The AUROCs for K10 and SF-12 MCS were 0.787 (95% CI [0.736, 0.837]) and 0.725 (95% CI [0.656, 0.793]), respectively. A less than optimal sensitivity and positive predictive value of K10 support the need to reexamine the optimal cut-off point according to the results of the Youden index. Strengthening the K10 predictive accuracy will increase the practical application among Asian populations.

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