Free-standing sulfonated graphene-polypyrrole-polyethylene glycol foam for highly flexible supercapacitors
Flexible and free-standing sulfonated graphene-polypyrrole-polyethylene glycol (SGE-PPy-PEG) foam electrodes were prepared via one-step electrodeposition process, exploiting coupling between negatively charged sulfate groups and positively charged pyrrole rings, followed with the sacrifice step of inner Ni foam structure. The resulted SGE-PPy-PEG foam electrodes were fully characterized before they were assembled into wearable supercapacitors. A typical foam electrode shows a significant specific capacitance of 528 Fg-1 aligned with excellent electrochemical durability (93% capacitance retention after 8000 charge-discharge cycles) in a standard three electrode system. When assembled as a single symmetric supercapacitor device (SSC), it also exhibits remarkable specific capacitance (per area/per volume) of 212.4 mFcm−2/1416 mFcm−3 and retains 94% capacitance after 4000 cycles. Furthermore, there is no observed negligible capacitance loss under various bending degrees up to ±180 °C, a demo of extraordinary mechanical flexibility. A rolled-up device, made from a long strip of SGE-PPy-PEG foam electrode, is able to power a red light-emitting diode light for more than 1 min after fully charged. Moreover, three SCs connected in series as a wrist band can successfully light up six colorful LED, demonstrating the great potential of flexible SGE-PPy-PEG foam in real wearable applications.
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Huaihai Institute of Technology