Tunning magnetism and anisotropy by ferroelectric polarization in 2D van der Waals multiferroic heterostructures
Materials Today Physics
Since the successful exfoliation of two-dimensional (2D) magnetic CrI3 film, an increasing interest of research is the 2D analog of fascinating physical property of 3D material, of which the most attractive for both fundamental research and practical applications is the achieving effective magnetoelectric coupling and manipulation in 2D van der Waals (vdW) multiferroic heterostructure (HS). Herein, we report the discovery of ferroelectrically tunable orbital reconstruction in α-RuCl3/CuInP2S6 2D vdW HSs, enabling the remarkable transitions of magnetic ordering from proximate quantum spin-liquid state to ferromagnetic as well as the easy magnetization axis tuning from in-plane to out-of-plane direction. In addition, Monte Carlo simulation verified that, α-RuCl3 would transform into a perpendicular ferromagnetic material with Curie temperature of 89 K when the ferroelectric polarization points to α-RuCl3. Furthermore, by analyzing the density of states and the d-orbital-resolved magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of Ru atoms based on the second-order perturbation theory we elucidate that the contribution to MAE from the spin-orbit coupling interaction between d orbitals of Ru atoms show a transition from positive to negative, and ultimately dominating the MAE variation from easy-plane to easy-axis magnetization upon the reversible FE polarization. Therefore, the CuInP2S6 nonvolatile ferroelectric switching enables the nonvolatile electrical control of magnetic ordering and anisotropy. This work paves the way for exploring high-efficiency nanodevices and nonvolatile information storage based on the multiferroic 2D vdW HSs.
Open Access Status
This publication is not available as open access
Australian Research Council