Coprime Microphone Arrays for Estimating Speech Direction of Arrival Using Deep Learning

Publication Name

2021 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference, APSIPA ASC 2021 - Proceedings


This paper investigates deep neural network (DNNs) applied to coprime microphone arrays (CPMAs) and semi-coprime microphone arrays (SCPMAs) for direction of arrival (DOA) estimation of speech signals. Existing research has shown that the coprime arrangement increases the operating frequency of conventional uniform linear arrays (ULAs) by interleaving two uniform sub-arrays with different spacing. The SCPMA extends this arrangement and further increases the operating frequency, above which interfering signals are largely amplified in the recording and lead to confusion with the desired source. As a result, both types of coprime geometries improve the beampattern, array gain and DOA estimation results compared to the ULA. However, large side lobes may still occur in the beampattern of the two coprime arrangements, resulting in degraded DOA estimates using conventional beamforming-based approaches in an adverse environment. The proposed approach alternatively utilises deep learning (DL) to estimate speech DOAs using coprime microphone arrays. Experimental results evaluating the accuracy under different levels of noise using the mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE) of the DOA estimate indicate satisfactory performance of the proposed method.

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