An Optimized and Outage-resilient Energy Management Framework for Multi-carrier Energy Microgrids Integrating Demand Response

Publication Name

IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications


Given the frequency of power outages caused by recent crises, including high-impact natural disasters, power and energy supply must be more resilient and cost-effective. Owing to this necessity, this paper presents a grid-connected multi-carrier energy microgrid that can provide continuous energy for both electrical and heating load demands at a low cost. The model employs a demand response scheme based on time of use and integrates with the proposed microgrid. Several energy sourcesphotovoltaics, batteries, and a combined heat and power (CHP) unit and associated dispatch strategyare optimized using the deterministic mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) algorithm. The proposed model is tested in a hospital California, USA. The results show the benefits of the demand response program in terms of techno-economic output when compared to the system without its implementation. Several simulation results also demonstrate the model's effectiveness and resiliency in maintaining a continuous energy supply in the midst of power outages at various times of the year, while also lowering costs.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access



Link to publisher version (DOI)