Prelithiation: A crucial strategy for boosting the practical application of next-generation lithium ion battery
With the urgent market demand for high-energydensity batteries, the alloy-type or conversion-type anodes with high specific capacity have gained increasing attention to replace current low-specific-capacity graphite-based anodes. However, alloy-type and conversion-type anodes have large initial irreversible capacity compared with graphite-based anodes, which consume most of the Li+ in the corresponding cathode and severely reduces the energy density of full cells. Therefore, for the practical application of these high-capacity anodes, it is urgent to develop a commercially available prelithiation technique to compensate for their large initial irreversible capacity. At present, various prelithiation methods for compensating the initial irreversible capacity of the anode have been reported, but due to their respective shortcomings, large-scale commercial applications have not yet been achieved. In this review, we have systematically summarized and analyzed the advantages and challenges of various prelithiation methods, providing enlightenment for the further development of each prelithiation strategy toward commercialization and thus facilitating the practical application of high-specific-capacity anodes in the next-generation high-energy-density lithiumion batteries.
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Australian Research Council