A Statistical Recurrent Stochastic Volatility Model for Stock Markets
Journal of Business and Economic Statistics
The stochastic volatility (SV) model and its variants are widely used in the financial sector, while recurrent neural network (RNN) models are successfully used in many large-scale industrial applications of deep learning. We combine these two methods in a nontrivial way and propose a model, which we call the statistical recurrent stochastic volatility (SR-SV) model, to capture the dynamics of stochastic volatility. The proposed model is able to capture complex volatility effects, for example, nonlinearity and long-memory auto-dependence, overlooked by the conventional SV models, is statistically interpretable and has an impressive out-of-sample forecast performance. These properties are carefully discussed and illustrated through extensive simulation studies and applications to five international stock index datasets: the German stock index DAX30, the Hong Kong stock index HSI50, the France market index CAC40, the U.S. stock market index SP500 and the Canada market index TSX250. An user-friendly software package together with the examples reported in the article are available at https://github.com/vbayeslab.
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