Effect of Eliminating Water in Prussian Blue Cathode for Sodium-Ion Batteries
Advanced Functional Materials
Prussian blue analogs (PBAs) are promising cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their low-cost, similar energy density comparable with that of LiFePO4 in lithium-ion batteries, and long cycle life. Nevertheless, crystal water (≈10 wt%) in PBAs from aqueous synthesis environments can bring significant side effects in real SIBs, especially for calendar life and high temperature storage performance. Therefore, it is of great importance to eliminate crystal water in PBAs for future commercial applications. Herein, a facile heat-treatment method is reported in order to remove water from Fe-based PBAs. Although the heat-treated sample can be easily rehydrated in air, it still exhibits a stable cycling performance over 2000 times under controlled charge cut-off voltage. In situ synchrotron high-temperature powder X-ray diffraction demonstrates that the as-prepared sample is maintained at a new trigonal phase after dehydration. Moreover, the redox reaction of low-spin Fe2+/Fe3+ is activated and the high-temperature storage performance of as-prepared sample is significantly improved after removal of water.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China