General Programmable Growth of Hybrid Core–Shell Nanostructures with Liquid Metal Nanodroplets

Publication Name

Advanced Materials


Core–shell and hollow nanostructures have been receiving significant interest due to their potential in wide scientific and technological fields. Given such large scope, however, they still lag far behind in terms of the ambition toward controllably, or even programmatically, synthesizing libraries of core–shell structures on a large scale. Here, a general route for the programmable preparation of complex core–shell nanostructures by using liquid metal (LM) droplets as reformable templates is presented, and the triggering of a localized galvanic replacement reaction in one ultrasonication system is demonstrated. Benefiting from the activity and mobility of the metal components in LM templates, high-level compositional diversity control and quantitative regulation of both the core and the shell layers of the heterogeneous products are achieved, which cannot be realized with a solid-template synthetic route.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access





Article Number


Funding Number


Funding Sponsor

Scientific Research Foundation of Hunan Provincial Education Department



Link to publisher version (DOI)