Application of Fully Adaptive Symbolic Representation to Driver Mental Fatigue Detection Based on Body Posture
Conference Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
Driver mental fatigue is a major influential factor that results in inattentive driver condition ultimately to fatal crashes. In this paper, the driver mental fatigue patterns based on the driver's body postural behaviour are identified using a novel adaptive pattern recognition technique. The experiments were conducted on 20 healthy subjects in a MATHWORKS simulated driving environment. The posture of the driver was measured using the XSENS motion capture system. To monitor the actions performed under the influence of mental fatigue, variations in the acceleration of the head, neck, and sternum were extracted and deployed in an unsupervised manner. A fully adaptive version of the symbolic aggregate approximation algorithm based on unsupervised clustering was developed that identifies the time-series patterns of driver fatigue posture. The time-variant fatigue patterns were dynamically segmented and symbolized according to the discrepancy in the postural behaviour. The experimental results indicate that the proposed algorithm successfully detects the time-variant fatigue patterns of multivariate dataset compared to the original symbolic pattern recognition tool. The limitations of the current approach and future work in improving driver safety are explored.
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University of Wollongong