Title

A novel identification system combining diffusion kurtosis imaging with conventional magnetic resonance imaging to assess intestinal strictures in patients with Crohn’s disease

Publication Name

Abdominal Radiology

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the utility of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) for assessing bowel fibrosis and to establish a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based classification based on DKI and conventional MRI parameters for characterizing intestinal strictures in Crohn’s disease (CD) using the histological evaluation of resected intestine samples as the reference standard. Methods: Thirty-one patients with CD undergoing preoperative conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) (b values = 0–2000 s/mm ) were consecutively enrolled. We classified the mural T2-weighted signal intensity and arterial-phase enhancement patterns on conventional MRI. We also measured DWI-derived apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and DKI-derived apparent diffusion for non-Gaussian distribution (D ) and apparent diffusional kurtosis (K ). A new MRI-based classification was established to characterize intestinal strictures in CD. Its performance was validated in nine additional patients with CD. Results: Histological inflammation grades were significantly correlated to T2-weighted signal intensity (r = 0.477; P < 0.001) and ADC (r = − 0.226; P = 0.044). Histological fibrosis grades were moderately correlated to K (r = 0.604, P < 0.001); they were also correlated to D (r = − 0.491; P < 0.001) and ADC (r = − 0.270; P = 0.015). T2-weighted signal intensity could differentiate between no-to-mild and moderate-to-severe bowel inflammation (sensitivity, 0.970; specificity, 0.479). K could differentiate between no-to-mild and moderate-to-severe bowel fibrosis (sensitivity, 0.959; specificity, 0.781). The agreement between the new MRI-based classification and the histological classification was moderate in the test (κ = 0.507; P < 0.001) and validation (κ = 0.530; P < 0.001) sets. Conclusions: DKI can be used to assess bowel fibrosis. The new MRI-based classification can help to distinguish between fibrotic and inflammatory intestinal strictures in patients with CD. 2 app app app app app

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Volume

46

Issue

3

First Page

936

Last Page

947

Funding Number

81600508

Funding Sponsor

National Natural Science Foundation of China

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00261-020-02765-3