Title

Synthesis of functional surface layers on stainless steels by laser alloying

Publication Name

Metals

Abstract

Laser alloying is an effective method to form functional surface layers (coatings) on metallic materials, particularly on stainless steels. Unique phase balance, dislocation substructure, and a possibility to obtain gradient microstructures after laser alloying slow down the surface degradation and increase the wear resistance. In this work, the optimal parameters of laser alloying and their effects on microstructure and properties were investigated for two stainless steels: ferritic AISI 420 and austenitic AISI 304. Three types of alloying plasters were used: 85Nb + 15 graphite, 85Nb + 15 liquid glass, and 15Fe + 30Ni + 20B + 10Si + 25 liquid glass (wt.%). The laser power density of 0.3 × 10 W/cm and beam scanning speed of 1990 mm/min were found to generate 220–320 µm thick coatings with complex microstructures. Phase balance in the coatings was studied with X-ray diffraction and magnetometric phase analyses. High microhardness (up to 16 GPa) and wear resistance were associated with the formation of martensite with some retained austenite and Nb-, Cr-, Si-, and B-rich particles in the surface layer of AISI 420 steel, and high dislocation density austenite strengthened with Ti-, Nb-, Cr-, and Si-rich particles in AISI 304 steel. 5 2

Open Access Status

This publication may be available as open access

Volume

11

Issue

3

Article Number

434

First Page

1

Last Page

19

Funding Number

0119U002248

Funding Sponsor

Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/met11030434