Title

Integrating GIS in reorganizing blood supply network in a robust-stochastic approach by combating disruption damages

Publication Name

Socio-Economic Planning Sciences

Abstract

As supplying adequate blood in multiple countries has failed due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the importance of redesigning a sensible protective-resilience blood supply chain is underscored. The outbreak-as an extensive disruption-has caused a delay in ordering and delivering blood and its by-products, which leads to severe social and financial loss to healthcare organizations. This paper presents a robust multi-phase optimization approach to model a blood supply network ensuring blood is collected efficiently. We evaluate the effectiveness of the model using real-world data from two mechanisms. Firstly, a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based method is presented to find potential alternative locations for blood donation centers to maximize availability, accessibility, and proximity to blood donors. Then, a protective mathematical model is developed with the incorporation of (a) blood perishability, (b) efficient collation centers, (c) multiple-source of suppliers, (d) back-up centers, (e) capacity limitation, and (f) uncertain demand. Emergency back-up for laboratory centers to supplement and offset the processing plants against the possible disorders is applied in a two-stage stochastic robust optimization model to maximize the level of hospitals' coverage. The results highlight the fraction cost of considering back-up facilities in the total costs and provide more resilient decisions with lower risks by examining resource limitations.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Article Number

101250

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2022.101250