MgB2 Superconducting Joint Architecture with the Functionality to Screen External Magnetic Fields for MRI Magnet Applications
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
A superconducting joint architecture to join unreacted carbon-doped multifilament magnesium diboride (MgB2) wires with the functionality to screen external magnetic fields for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) magnet applications is proposed. The intrinsic diamagnetic property of a superconducting MgB2 bulk was exploited to produce a magnetic field screening effect around the current transfer path within the joint. Unprecedentedly, the joint fabricated using this novel architecture was able to screen magnetic fields up to 1.5 T at 20 K and up to 2 T at 15 K and thereby almost nullified the effect of the applied magnetic field by maintaining a constant critical current (Ic). The joint showed an Ic of 30.8 A in 1.5 T at 20 K and an ultralow resistance of about 3.32 × 10–14 Ω at 20 K in a self-field. The magnetic field screening effect shown by the MgB2 joint is expected to be extremely valuable for MRI magnet applications, where the Ic of the joints is lower than the Ic of the connected MgB2 wires in a given magnetic field and temperature.
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Australian Research Council