Chosen-ciphertext lattice-based public key encryption with equality test in standard model
Theoretical Computer Science
With the rapid growth of cloud storage and cloud computing services, many organizations and users choose to store the data on a cloud server for saving costs. However, due to security concerns, data of users would be encrypted before sending to the cloud. However, this hinders a problem of computation on encrypted data in the cloud, especially in the case of performing data matching in various medical scenarios. Public key encryption with equality test (PKEET) is a powerful tool that allows the authorized cloud server to check whether two ciphertexts are generated by the same message. PKEET has then become a promising candidate for many practical applications like efficient data management on encrypted databases. Lee et al. (Information Sciences 2020) proposed a generic construction of PKEET schemes in the standard model and hence it is possible to yield the first instantiation of post-quantum PKEET schemes based on lattices. At ACISP 2019, Duong et al. proposed a direct construction of PKEET over integer lattices in the standard model. However, their scheme does not reach the CCA2-security. In this paper, we propose an efficient CCA2-secure PKEET scheme based on ideal lattices. In addition, we present a modification of the scheme by Duong et al. over integer lattices to attain the CCA2-security. Both schemes are proven secure in the standard model, and they enjoy the security in the upcoming quantum computer era.
Open Access Status
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Australian Research Council