Title

Vitamin D metabolites and risk of first clinical diagnosis of central nervous system demyelination

Publication Name

Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Abstract

Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is a recognised risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). Associations with vitamin D metabolites and vitamin D binding globulin (VDBG) have not been widely studied. We assessed the association between vitamin D metabolites (25(OH)D2, 25(OH)D3, c3-epimer 25(OH)D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25(OH)2D3)) measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assays, VDBG measured using a polyclonal immunoassay, and calculated free and bioavailable 25(OH)D, free 1,25(OH)2D3, and the 24,25(OH)2D3: total 25(OH)D and total 1,25(OH)2D: total 25(OH)D ratios with risk of a first clinical diagnosis of CNS demyelination (FCD) in an Australian case-control study (n = 196 cases, n = 241 controls, matched on age, sex and study region). Higher 25(OH)D (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.94 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.85−1.03) per 10 nmol/L increment) and 24,25(OH)2D3 (AOR = 0.81 (95 %CI 0.65−1.00) per 1 nmol/L increment) concentrations were associated with reduced FCD risk. Our results were compatible with no association for the other vitamin D metabolites, ratios, or VDBG with FCD risk. Thus, using standardised assays, and a comprehensive range of vitamin D metabolites, we confirmed the association of higher 25(OH)D and reduced FCD risk, and describe a similar effect for 24,25(OH)2D3; free or bioavailable 25(OH)D were not associated with FCD risk.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Volume

218

Article Number

106060

Funding Sponsor

National Multiple Sclerosis Society

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsbmb.2022.106060