Investigation of BFRP bar reinforced geopolymer concrete filled BFRP tube columns

Publication Name

Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings


An experimental investigation was carried out on a novel type of concrete-filled tube column, which used geopolymer concrete and basalt-fibre-reinforced-polymer reinforcing bars and confinement tube. Geopolymer concrete was used in place of ordinary Portland cement concrete to counter the sustainability challenges of conventional cement manufacture. Longitudinal basalt-fibre-reinforced-polymer bars were used to replace steel reinforcement to avoid corrosion, while basalt-fibre-reinforced-polymer tube confinement was used to replace the conventionally used steel helix to enhance strength and ductility. Compressive load-deformation behaviour of 200 mm dia., 800 mm high specimens under concentric, 25 mm eccentric, 50 mm eccentric and four-point bending loads was experimentally investigated. Experimental axial load-bending moment diagrams were then produced. Although geopolymer concrete is normally considered to be more brittle than Portland cement concrete, the test results showed that the specimens with geopolymer concrete were more ductile compared to those with Portland cement concrete. It was also found that increased load eccentricity resulted in ductility enhancement in specimens with both types of concrete with basalt-fibre-reinforced-polymer bars and tubes, while steel-reinforced specimens suffered loss of ductility with increased load eccentricity.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Funding Number


Funding Sponsor

Australian Research Council



Link to publisher version (DOI)