Nitrogen and Oxygen Co-Doped Porous Hard Carbon Nanospheres with Core-Shell Architecture as Anode Materials for Superior Potassium-Ion Storage
The investigation of carbonaceous-based anode materials will promote the fast application of low-cost potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). Here a nitrogen and oxygen co-doped yolk-shell carbon sphere (NO-YS-CS) is constructed as anode material for K-ion storage. The novel architecture, featuring with developed porous structure and high surface specific area, is beneficial to achieving excellent electrochemical kinetics behavior and great electrode stability from buffering the large volume expansion. Furthermore, the N/O heteroatoms co-doping can not only boost the adsorption and intercalation ability of K-ion but also increase the electron transfer capability. It is also demonstrated by experimental results and DFT calculations that K-ion insertion/extraction proceeds through both intercalation and surface capacitive adsorption mechanisms. As expected, the NO-YS-CS electrodes show high initial charge capacity of 473.7 mAh g−1 at 20 mA g−1, ultralong cycling life over 2500 cycles with the retention of 85.8% at 500 mA g−1, and superior rate performance (183.3 mAh g−1 at 1.0 A g−1). The K-ion full cell, with a high energy density of 271.4 Wh kg−1 and an excellent cyclic stability over 500 cycles, is successfully fabricated with K2Fe[Fe(CN)6] cathode. This work will provide new insight on the synthesis and mechanism understanding of high-performance hard carbon anode for PIBs.
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China Postdoctoral Science Foundation