Title

Decorated models, Replication, and Assembly lines for Bronze industrial production in 500 B.C.E. China

Publication Name

Early China

Abstract

This article examines the earliest examples of replication of bronze objects of complicated structure in China. It uses four quadrupeds from the Freer Gallery (National Museum of Asian Art, Smithsonian Institution), the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, the British Museum, and the Yūrinkan Museum in Kyōto as examples to illustrate the complex technology required in replicating bronzes. It provides evidence to define identical bronzes and proves that the four quadrupeds shared the same decorated model. The application of section-mold casting, spacers, clay cores, and mold section assemblage will be examined using 3D scanning, X-ray photography, computerized tomography (CT) scanning, and alloy composition analysis.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Volume

44

First Page

109

Last Page

142

Funding Number

2018/1337

Funding Sponsor

Research Grants Council, University Grants Committee

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/eac.2021.9