Chromium ion pair luminescence: A strategy in broadband near-infrared light-emitting diode design
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Portable near-infrared (NIR) light sources are in high demand for applications in spectroscopy, night vision, bioimaging, and many others. Typical phosphor designs feature isolated Cr3+ ion centers, and it is challenging to design broadband NIR phosphors based on Cr3+-Cr3+ pairs. Here, we explore the solid-solution series SrAl11.88-xGaxO19:0.12Cr3+ (x = 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12) as phosphors featuring Cr3+-Cr3+ pairs and evaluate structure-property relations within the series. We establish the incorporation of Ga within the magentoplumbite-type structure at five distinct crystallographic sites and evaluate the effect of this incorporation on the Cr3+-Cr3+ ion pair proximity. Electron paramagnetic measurements reveal the presence of both isolated Cr3+ and Cr3+-Cr3+ pairs, resulting in NIR luminescence at approximately 650-1050 nm. Unexpectedly, the origin of broadband NIR luminescence with a peak within the range 740-820 nm is related to the Cr3+-Cr3+ ion pair. We demonstrate the application of the SrAl5.88Ga6O19:0.12Cr3+ phosphor, which possesses an internal quantum efficiency of ∼85%, a radiant flux of ∼95 mW, and zero thermal quenching up to 500 K. This work provides a further understanding of spectral shifts in phosphor solid solutions and in particular the application of the magentoplumbites as promising next-generation NIR phosphor host systems.
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Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan