Impact of whole-body resistance exercise timing on mitigating hyperglycaemia-induced vascular dysfunction
New Findings: What is the central question of this study? Is the estrous cycle affected during disuse atrophies and if so, how do estrous cycle changes relate to musculoskeletal outcomes? What is the main finding and its importance? Rodent estrous cycles are altered during disuse atrophy, which corresponds to musculoskeletal outcomes. However, the estrous cycle does not appear changed in Lewis Lung Carcinoma, which corresponded to no differences in muscle size compared to healthy controls. These findings suggest a relationship between estrous cycle and muscle size during atrophic pathologies. Abstract: Hyperglycemia can cause disruptions in vascular function, whereas exercise has been shown to restore vascular function. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the effect of performing whole-body resistance exercise, 30-min before, immediately following, or 30- or 60-min after a high carbohydrate meal, on endothelial function, measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD). Healthy adults will be recruited to this randomized crossover trial to compare the postprandial glycaemic and vascular responses to four different exercise timing conditions and a control: i) C- control, high carbohydrate meal/no exercise, ii) 30Pre- 30 min of resistance exercises (~30% of 1RM [Repetition Maximum]), 30 min before a high carbohydrate meal, iii) IP- 30 min of resistance exercises (~30% of 1RM), immediately following a high carbohydrate meal, iv) 30Post- 30 min of resistance exercises, 30 min after a high carbohydrate meal and v) 60Post- 30 min of resistance exercises, 60 min after a high carbohydrate meal. Measures of metabolic and vascular function will be assessed at baseline and for two hours following the carbohydrate-based breakfast meal.
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National Health and Medical Research Council