Parents’ attitudes, beliefs and uptake of the school-based human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Jakarta, Indonesia – A quantitative study

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Preventive Medicine Reports


The Indonesian government has provided free HPV vaccines for female students in years 5–6 in Jakarta since 2016. We examined parents’ beliefs, attitudes and intentions to allow their daughters to receive the HPV vaccine, as well as the uptake of the vaccine. This cross-sectional study was conducted between September and November 2019 in Jakarta. We invited 680 parents or guardians of year 6 female students from 33 primary schools who were offered the free HPV vaccine to complete a questionnaire; 484 (71%) responded. Analysis was done in two groups: the ‘Decided’ Group (those parents who allowed or denied for their daughter to receive the HPV vaccination), and the ‘Undecided’ Group (those parents who did not recall being approached about the HPV vaccine or forgot their response). In the ‘Decided’ group, 295 (83.6%) parents allowed their daughters to receive the vaccination, while 58 (16.4%) parents refused it. In the ‘Undecided’ group, 49 (70%) parents reported a strong intention to allow their daughters to receive the vaccination; 21 (30%) had weak intention. Attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control were shown to be significant predictors of HPV vaccine uptake when multilevel multivariate logistic regression analysis was undertaken. On the contrary, no independent variable was seen as a significant predictor for parents’ intentions to vaccinate their daughter against HPV. No sociodemographic characteristic was significantly associated with parents’ decisions or intentions regarding HPV vaccine for their daughters. Further qualitative research is needed to explore parents’ knowledge and reasons behind their decision-making processes.

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