Two-dimensional transient heat transfer model for high-temperature laser-scanning confocal microscopy

Publication Name

Journal of Heat Transfer


High-temperature laser-scanning confocal microscopy (HT-LSCM) has proven to be an excellent experimental technique through in situ observations of high temperature phase transformation to study kinetics and morphology using thin disk steel specimens. A 1.0 kW halogen lamp within the elliptical cavity of the HT-LSCM furnace radiates heat and imposes a nonlinear temperature profile across the radius of the steel sample. When exposed at the solid/liquid interface, this local temperature profile determines the kinetics of solidification and phase transformation morphology. A two-dimensional numerical heat transfer model for both isothermal and transient conditions is developed for a concentrically solidifying sample. The model can accommodate solid/liquid interface velocity as an input parameter under concentric solidification with cooling rates up to 100 K/min. The model is validated against a commercial finite element analysis software package, strand7, and optimized with experimental data obtained under near-to equilibrium conditions. The validated model can then be used to define the temperature landscape under transient heat transfer conditions.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access





Article Number

012401 EN



Link to publisher version (DOI)