Massive Dirac fermions and strong Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in single crystals of the topological insulator Bi2Se3 doped with Sm and Fe

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Physical Review B


Topological insulators (TIs) are emergent materials with unique band structure, which allow the study of quantum effect in solids, as well as contribute to high-performance quantum devices. To achieve the better performance of TIs, here, we present a codoping strategy using synergistic rare-earth (RE) Sm and transition-metal Fe dopants in Bi2Se3 single crystals, which combine the advantages of both a transition-metal-doped TI [high ferromagnetic ordering temperature and observed quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE)], and a RE doped TI (large magnetic moments and significant spin-orbit coupling). In the as-grown single crystals, clear evidences of ferromagnetic ordering were observed. The angle-resolve photoemission spectroscopy indicates the ferromagnetism opens a ∼44 meV band gap at the surface Dirac point. Moreover, the mobility of the carriers at 3 K is ∼7400cm2/Vs, and we thus observed an ultra-strong Shubnikov-de Haas oscillation in the longitudinal resistivity, as well as the Hall steps in transverse resistivity <14 T. Our transport and angular-resolved photoemission spectroscopy results suggest that the RE and transition metal codoping in the Bi2Se3 system is a promising avenue to implement the QAHE, as well as harnessing the massive Dirac fermion in electrical devices.

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Funding Sponsor

U.S. Department of Energy



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