Title

Nudging in education: from theory towards guidelines for successful implementation

Publication Name

European Journal of Psychology of Education

Abstract

Nudging is one of the strategies from behavioral economics that aims to influence behavior by changing the environment. We propose that it could also be a valuable means to influence behavior in educational contexts. However, implementation of nudging in education is yet sparse. We describe the relevant issues to consider when applying nudging in education, arguing that a focus on the long-term effects and underlying processes of a nudge is necessary for successful implementation. Then, we aim to facilitate this implementation of nudging in education by making a distinction between nudges that is relevant for overcoming these issues. Based on the framework proposed by Hansen and Jespersen (European Journal of Risk Regulation, 4(1), 3–28, 2013), we distinguish between Type 1 and Type 2 nudges, and transparent and non-transparent nudges, resulting in four nudge categories. For each of these nudge categories, we determine its suitability for different educational goals. The resulting decision matrix can help researchers and practitioners when designing nudges for an educational context.

Open Access Status

This publication may be available as open access

Volume

36

Issue

3

First Page

883

Last Page

902

Funding Number

40.5.18540.132

Funding Sponsor

Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10212-020-00495-0