What is the incidence of medical device-related pressure injuries in adults within the acute hospital setting? A systematic review
Journal of Tissue Viability
Medical devices provide effective therapeutic care for patients. However, medical device-related pressure injuries (MDRPI) are caused by prolonged pressure or shear from a medical device on any location on the body, including mucosal cavities. The primary outcome of this quantitative systematic review was to identify the incidence of MDRPIs in adults within the acute hospital setting. Secondary outcomes include grading, anatomical location and devices that caused such injuries. Electronic databases (CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE, EBSCO Host, Health Business Elite Web of Science, PsychINFO, Google Scholar, and Research Gate) were searched for all potential primary studies between November 2019–January 2020. Studies were refined to the English language only, had no time limit from publication, and had to include participants over the age of 18 years with an MDRPI in the acute hospital setting and 720 potential primary studies were identified. Fourteen articles were identified that matched the predefined criteria and were included in the review. All included studies were critically appraised using the evidence-based librarianship critical appraisal tool and data analysis and narrative synthesis were completed. The incidence of MDRPIs in adults within the acute care setting was 28.1% (SD: 29.1%, min: 1.14%, max: 100%). 71.3% of studies documented anatomical locations of MDRPIs, 36.2% included grading of MDRIs, and 71.4% studies documented the offending medical devices. The mean quality appraisal percentage of all included studies was 76.67% (SD: 4.61%; min: 66.6%, max: 83.3%). Despite the heterogeneity of the studies, the review has identified that MDRPIs are prevalent among individuals cared for within the acute hospital setting. Thus, given the morbidity associated with these wounds, it is important to develop strategies to reduce the scope of this problem.
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