The effect of sorghum consumption on markers of chronic disease: A systematic review
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Sorghum requires fewer inputs for sustainable cultivation in harsh climates and has the potential to be utilized in modern food product innovations. Moreover, consumption of sorghum may elicit favorable health effects similar to other commonly consumed cereals, like wheat. Animal and human research exploring health effects of sorghum consumption indicates potential beneficial effects on blood glucose and lipid regulation, oxidative stress modulation, appetite regulation and weight management. However, a recent appraisal of the strength of evidence has not been conducted. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effects of sorghum consumption on metabolic indicators of chronic disease, including blood lipid and blood glucose levels, markers of oxidative stress, and factors associated with weight management. Using CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PubMed and MEDLINE databases, a systematic review of intervention studies published up to May 2020 was conducted and 16 interventional studies met the criteria for inclusion. Evidence for favorable effects of sorghum consumption on indicators of chronic disease, including blood glucose responses, markers of oxidative stress, satiety measures and weight management was demonstrated. Evidence from this systematic review may assist to promote sorghum’s potential health benefits globally, including in food markets where it is underutilized, stimulating more sorghum-based food innovations in the future.
Open Access Status
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