A Capacitive Bridge-Type Superconducting Fault Current Limiter to Improve the Transient Performance of DFIG/PV/SG-Based Hybrid Power System

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IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity


This paper proposes a capacitive bridge-type superconducting fault current limiter (CB-SFCL) to address the most concerning issue with the grid connected hybrid power system by improving the transient performance. The hybrid system incorporates a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind farm, a solar photovoltaic (PV) system and a synchronous generator (SG) based power system. The CB-SFCL incorporates a high temperature superconductor (HTS) along with a power capacitor to provide adequate reactive power support before and after the fault. The capacitor is kept inactive during normal operation by a control circuit to ensure seamless operation. During fault, the capacitor gets connected in series with the HTS and suppress the fault current. The performance of the CB-SFCL is investigated by proper graphical and mathematical analyses and conclusions are obtained by comparing them with that of the conventional bridge-type superconducting fault current limiter (BSFCL) and the capacitive bridge-type fault current limiter (CBFCL). The analyses support the theoretical superiority of the CB-SFCL over the BSFCL and the CBFCL by a satisfying margin.

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