Covariance Matrix Whitening-Based Training Sample Selection Method for Airborne Radar
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
As training samples are not always target-free in space-Time processing for airborne radar, the traditional methods usually use the sample covariance matrix (SCM) as the test covariance matrix (TCM) to censor contaminated training samples. However, the SCM cannot represent the property of the cell under test (CUT) accurately, resulting in low selection efficiency. To deal with this problem, this letter proposes a novel training sample selection method based on covariance matrix whitening. Specifically, we utilize the reconstructed subaperture's clutter covariance matrix (RSCCM) of the CUT as the TCM. The RSCCM is only determined by the CUT and can characterize the CUT directly. Then, we use the RSCCM to whiten the subaperture's covariance matrix of the training sample. A criterion for selecting the training samples is derived based on the maximum eigenvalue of the whitened subaperture's covariance matrix, which is related to the energy of the outliers and more stable than the statistic of the generalized inner product method. Simulations are conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed method.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China