Use of a quality improvement strategy to introduce co-design of the mental health discharge plan in rural and remote New South Wales
Australian Journal of Rural Health
Problem: Patients have not traditionally partnered in the design of their discharge plans, with discharge summaries at times not completed. In rural settings, discharge planning communicates care to a complex geographic area with fragmented resources. Patients may also be socially disadvantaged, with relatives and friends sometimes excluded. Design: Situational analysis and liaison with key partners occurred in the months prior to the core project. Opportunities for improvement were noted. An audit of all discharges in May 2020 was planned to assess rates of discharge completion, co-design and inclusion of next of kin. Qualitative feedback was also noted from staff. Setting: Dubbo inpatient mental health units (Gundaymarra and Barraminya). Key measures for improvement: Rates of discharge summary completion, co-design of discharge plan, engagement of next of kin. Qualitative measures included reflections of clinical staff involved. Strategy for change: Junior doctors were key in facilitating each patient to co-design their discharge plan and collaborate with all biological and psychosocial treatments and providers in a forum for open discussion. The inclusion of nominated next of kin was core. Effects of change: Discharge summary completion rates were high; co-design of discharge plans occurred frequently; and next of kin were involved with few exceptions. The adoption of the person as expert in modifying their plan became a norm. Medical staff wanted this care frame for each person. Lessons learnt: Engaging patients and their next of kin directly in their discharge planning improves care opportunities in a rural setting, as well as understanding for all parties. This approach also prioritises the process of discharge completion.
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