Sub-Nanometer Pt Clusters on Defective NiFe LDH Nanosheets as Trifunctional Electrocatalysts for Water Splitting and Rechargeable Hybrid Sodium-Air Batteries
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
It is challenging to develop highly efficient and stable multifunctional electrocatalysts for improving the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) for sustainable energy conversion and storage systems such as water-alkali electrolyzers (WAEs) and hybrid sodium-air batteries (HSABs). In this work, sub-nm Pt nanoclusters (NCs) on defective NiFe layered double hydroxide nanosheets (NixFe LDHs) are synthesized by a facile electrodeposition method. Due to the synergistic effect between Pt NCs and abundant atomic M(II) defects, along with hierarchical porous nanostructures, the Pt/NixFe LDHs catalysts exhibit superior trifunctional electrocatalytic activity and durability toward the HER/OER/ORR. A WAE fabricated with Pt/NixFe LDHs electrodes needs 1.47 V to reach a current density of 10 mA cm-2, much lower than that of the mixed 20% Pt/C and 20% Ir/C catalysts. An HSAB assembled by Pt/NixFe LDHs as a binder-free air cathode displays a high open-circuit voltage, a narrow overpotential gap, and remarkable rechargeability. This work provides a feasible strategy for constructing freestanding efficient trifunctional electrocatalysts for sustainable energy conversion and storage systems.
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University of East Anglia