Palladium-Catalyzed Formal (3 + 2) Cycloaddition Reactions of 2-Nitro-1,3-enynes with Vinylaziridines, -epoxides, and -cyclopropanes
A two-step Pd-catalyzed (3 + 2) cycloaddition/HNO2 elimination reaction sequence has been developed to give novel cyclic 1,3-dien-5-yne systems from Pd-stabilized zwitterionic 1,3-dipoles and 2-nitro-1,3-enyne substrates. The process is highly atom-efficient and tolerates the reaction of 2-vinyloxirane, 1-tosyl-2-vinylaziridine, and diethyl 2-vinylcyclopropane-1,1-dicarboxylate derived 1,3-dipoles with a variety of 2-nitro-1,3-enyne substrates. The stereochemistry of the intermediate (3 + 2) cycloadducts was determined by single crystal X-ray analysis. Furthermore, a selective kinetic elimination of the cycloadduct with an antiperiplanar relationship between the NO2 group and the participating hydrogen was demonstrated, allowing for efficient isolation of a single diastereoisomer of the cycloadduct.
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Australian Research Council