Comparison of TG43 and Hounsfield Unit–based TG186 brachytherapy dose metrics in Oncentra Brachy for 100 patients receiving interstitial partial breast irradiation

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Purpose: The aim of the study was to conduct a retrospective analysis of 100 patients who received interstitial accelerated partial breast irradiation at a single institution, comparing the standard American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group (TG) 43 dose calculation algorithm to the model-based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCAs) available in the Oncentra Brachy treatment planning system. Methods and Materials: Dose-volume histogram parameters were compared between the different dose calculation algorithms for the planning target volume and organs at risk. and a statistical analysis was performed. The resulting changes in isodose distribution were assessed, with the worst-case data presented. Results: The TG43 algorithm calculated higher doses to all structures compared with the MBDCAs. The largest discrepancy was observed for the skin, with maximum doses on average 2.0% lower with the MBDCA. The newly released Hounsfield Unit-based algorithm further decreased the skin dose compared with TG43 by <0.5%. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the differences between TG43 and MBDCA as implemented in Oncentra Brachy for accelerated partial breast irradiation are clinically insignificant in the treatment area and nearby organs at risk. Justification for investing in MBDCAs for this treatment site is limited when considering the additional calculation time, introduced uncertainties, and cost.

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