Title

Unearthing Neanderthal population history using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from cave sediments

Authors

Benjamin Vernot, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Elena I. Zavala, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Zenobia Jacobs, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health
Viviane Slon, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Fabrizio Mafessoni, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Frédéric Romagné, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Alice Pearson, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Martin Petr, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Nohemi Sala, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Adrián Pablos, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Arantza Aranbur, Universidad del Pais Vasco
José Mariá Bermúdez De Castro, Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH)
Eudald Carbonell, Instituto Catalán de Paleoecología Humana y Evolución Social
Bo Li, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health
MacIej T. Krajcarz, Institute of Geological Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Andrey I. Krivoshapkin, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Kseniya A. Kolobova, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Maxim B. Kozlikin, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Michael V. Shunkov, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Anatoly P. Derevianko, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Bence Viola, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health
Steffi Grote, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Elena Essel, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
David López Herraéz, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Sarah Nagel, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Birgit Nickel, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Julia Richter, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Anna Schmidt, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Benjamin Peter, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Publication Name

Science

Abstract

Bones and teeth are important sources of Pleistocene hominin DNA, but are rarely recovered at archaeological sites. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been retrieved from cave sediments but provides limited value for studying population relationships. We therefore developed methods for the enrichment and analysis of nuclear DNA from sediments and applied them to cave deposits in western Europe and southern Siberia dated to between 200,000 and 50,000 years ago. We detected a population replacement in northern Spain about 100,000 years ago, which was accompanied by a turnover of mtDNA. We also identified two radiation events in Neanderthal history during the early part of the Late Pleistocene. Our work lays the ground for studying the population history of ancient hominins from trace amounts of nuclear DNA in sediments.

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Volume

372

Issue

6542

Article Number

590

COinS
 

Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.abf1667