Title

Architecting Amorphous Vanadium Oxide/MXene Nanohybrid via Tunable Anodic Oxidation for High-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries

Publication Name

Advanced Energy Materials

Abstract

Structural engineering and creating atomic disorder in electrodes are promising strategies for highly efficient and rapid charge storage in advanced batteries. Herein, a nanohybrid architecture is presented with amorphous vanadium oxide conformally coated on layered V C MXene (a-VO /V C) via tunable anodic oxidation, which exhibits a high reversible capacity of 307 mAh g at 50 mA g , decent rate capability with capacity up to 96 mAh g at 2000 mA g , and good cycling stability as a cathode for sodium-ion batteries. The a-VO layer enables reversible and fast Na insertion/extraction by providing sufficient vacancies and open pathways in the amorphous framework, unlike the irreversible phase transition in its crystalline counterpart, while layered V C MXene offers abundant electron/ion transfer channels, which are joined together to boost the electrochemical performance. Notably the improved reversibility and structural superiority of the a-VO /V C nanohybrid are clearly revealed by in situ Raman, in situ transmission electron microscopy, in situ synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculations, demonstrating a reversible V–O vibration and valence oscillation between V and V in the disordered framework, with robust structural stability and unobstructed Na diffusion. This work provides a meaningful reference for the elaborate design of MXene-based nanostructured electrodes toward advanced rechargeable batteries. 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 –1 –1 –1 –1 + 4+ 5+ +

Open Access Status

This publication is not available as open access

Funding Number

JCYJ20170818142354137

Funding Sponsor

Science and Technology Foundation of Shenzhen City

Share

COinS
 

Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aenm.202100757