Effect of on-site sludge reduction and wastewater treatment based on electrochemical-a/o combined process
Working on sludge with electrochemical oxidation is beneficial to promote the subsequent recessive growth of microorganisms in the sludge. To achieve the on-site sludge reduction, this study combined the anoxic/oxic (A/O) process with the electrochemical oxidation process based on the cell lysis-cryptic growth theory by determining the experimental conditions and mechanism of electrochemical cell lysis. The sludge reduction and effluent treatment of the combined process in practical operation were studied. The results showed that the cumulative sludge discharge had been reduced by 37.1% compared with that of the A/O process, and the apparent sludge yield had been reduced by 39.1% during the 30-day operation time, indicating that the electrochemical-A/O combined process could have a considerable sludge reduction effect. After the treatment, chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonium nitrogen, and total nitrogen in the effluent of the combined process reached 33.02 mg/L, 0.83 mg/L, and 9.95 mg/L, respectively. Due to the limitation of the A/O process, the removal of total phosphorus was poor. As a result, poly aluminum chloride (PAC) was employed to achieve a chemical removal of phosphorus, by which the total phosphorus (TP) of the effluent was controlled to be lower than 0.5 mg/L.
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National Natural Science Foundation of China